Unesco World Heritage

"World Heritage of Unesco" label (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) was established in 1972 by the Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural, now ratified by 186 States Parties.
The award of the aims to encourage worldwide identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage considered to be of outstanding value to humanity and universal application.
 The World Heritage Committee, established in 1976, compiles an annual list of world heritage.
It now has:
679 cultural
174 natural
25 mixed (in both cultural and natural)
in 145 States Parties.

The inclusion of a site on the World Heritage List gives him
membership in an international community that backs the property of universal importance
a prestige that often acts as a catalyst in raising awareness of heritage preservation
access to the World Heritage Fund
emergency assistance to repair damage caused by natural disasters or human activity
the opportunity to benefit from management plans that define conservation measures and adequate monitoring mechanisms
greater public awareness of the site and of its outstanding values, thus increasing the tourist activities on the site.
 2) Constraints
The inscription on the World Heritage List induces monitoring of Unesco, which can downgrade a place. This threat has been in favor of the historic center of Vienna (Austria), the municipality has canceled a project to build four towers, and also the plateau of the Pyramids in Egypt, the highway project was deflected.
The city of Dresden has been removed from the World Heritage List in 2009 due to the construction of a four-lane bridge.
by vmfpatrimoine